Resources and Research
Research is vital and cannot
be avoided if you want to make a winning speech. Some people say that only a small portion of your research should appear
in your speech and the majority will come into play later. I have yet to see the "later". This may be in the form of points
of information but that is assuming that you can predict what information you will need to contradict what the speaker says.
If you have information don't keep it to yourself, USE IT.
Look for facts and examples
more so than statistics. While statistics can very handy for filling up a few minutes, they are also boring. Your information
should back up your argument and be memorable. If you find a little known fact that will surprise the audience and catch their
attention use it strategically. Place it at a crucial stage of your speech in a way that everything falls in together and
the audience becomes convinced of the truth of what you are saying. Remember that your argument is the most important part
of your speech and your research should back it up, not the other way round.
There are invaluable sources
of information all around and you will very rarely come across a motion which you can find absolutely no information if you
look hard enough.
Type any subject into the
Internet and you are likely to get back 100 sites with useful information and "Greater than 250,000" of utter rubbish (e.g.
this site). However there are a couple of good places to start. On the main page of this site you will find
links to a couple of research webpages which give pros and cons about many topics. They are Debatabase.com and Youdebate.com
Although you may complain
about your library it is still an invaluable source of information. Look around the sections which relate to your motion and
flick through a few books that look relevant. A good source of historical information are the "Chronicle" style, black bound,
journals in the history section of a good college library. These are updated monthly. If you don't know where to go for information
take the keywords from the motion and type them into a nearby terminal. It should give you the book references you need.
Yes there are books available
which give Pros and Cons of vatious topics. They should be used with caution and not a complete replacement for your
own arguments and research but they are a good start point and particularly useful in the first 2-3 min of your 15 min prep
at Worlds style events. Not surprisingly the best of these books is called Pros and Cons
This is easily the best source
of information on any campus. If you have a motion dealing with a topical political, cultural, or scientific subject then
the first thing you should do is look through the back issues of Time and Newsweek. These contain a huge amount of information
and not only on current affairs. If you've never read them it is well worth spending a short time flicking through them so
that you get a feel for the sort of information they carry and where to find it if you need it later. If you want more information
then there is bound to be some information about it in other more specialised journals but it may be harder to find. You could
also look up the past issues of newspapers on microfilm but you really would want to know exactly what you are looking for.
While it is unlikely that
TV will oblige you by broadcasting a program dealing with the subject behind your motion while you are preparing for it you
can still use them for information. If you know that there is a documentary, special report or debate on a topical issue why
not watch, or listen to, it. You don't have to go out of your way or sit there taking notes like a lecture but if you have
nothing better to do you might be surprised how much of it you will remember if it comes up later.
This involves a group of people
getting together to discuss a motion and come up with ideas. The group meets in a room and trash out the various issues involved
from a definition and line to examples and the other sides possible strategy. One member writes down all the ideas and this
is best done on a blackboard so a tutorial room is sometimes used. However these can also become side-tracked (one I was at
lasted over three hours and only twenty minutes were spent discussing the motion). If used effectively they should work well
and we may start doing them on a more regular and organised basis. Even if you don't want to hold a brainstorming session
don't be afraid to ask other debaters for ideas, most will be glad to help and may even have debated the motion before.
NOTE this is now banned at Worlds so you must have your brainstorming of possible topics done before Worlds.